Closing the Gap

About Closing the Gap

Closing the Gap is a long-term framework that builds on the foundation of respect and unity provided by the 2008 National Apology to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. It acknowledges that improving opportunities for Indigenous Australians requires intensive and sustained effort from all levels of government, as well as the private and not-for-profit sectors, communities and individuals.

In 2008, the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) endorsed the National Indigenous Reform Agreement (NIRA) (PDF), which included 6 key targets:

  • close the gap in life expectancy within a generation by 2031
  • halve the gap in mortality rates for Indigenous children under five by 2018
  • ensure access to early childhood education for all Indigenous four year olds in remote communities by 2013
  • halve the gap in reading, writing and numeracy achievements for children by 2018
  • halve the gap for Indigenous students in Year 12 (or equivalent) attainment rates by 2020
  • halve the gap in employment outcomes between Indigenous and other Australians by 2018.

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